Project Data Sheet

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

PDS Creation Date 28 Nov 2006
PDS Updated as of 28 Jan 2015

Project Name Third Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation
Country Viet Nam
Project/Program Number 28315-013
Status Closed
Geographical Location
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Sector Water supply and other municipal infrastructure and services
Subsector Urban flood protection
Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
Urban sanitation
Urban water supply
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth (ESG)
Inclusive economic growth (IEG)
Drivers of Change Gender equity and mainstreaming (GEM)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Categories Category 2: Effective gender mainstreaming (EGM)


Type/Modality of Assistance Approval Number Source of Funding Approved Amount (thousand)
Loan1880Asian Development Fund60,000
Counterpart 23,000
TOTAL US$ 83,000

Safeguard Categories

For more information about the safeguard categories, please see

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

The Project's negative impacts will only be temporary, minor, and reversible, and can be mitigated through proper policy, planning, public relations, and good construction and supervision practices. The Project will have no significant adverse environmental impact and an environmental impact assessment is not necessary

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation

Socioeconomic survey (SES) was carried in June and July 2000, covering 2,160 households or about 10,500 people (about 1 percent of the beneficiaries). The SES was supplemented by project workshops and focus groups (both single sex and mixed sex groups) discussions. The project conducted more than 25 consultations to design the community development component.

During Project Design
Participatory methods, such as workshops, rapid assessment, focus group discussions, and surveys, have been employed throughout the feasibility study to ensure that the needs and demands of the weaker social groups such as women, ethnic minorities, and the poor, will be taken into consideration.
During Project Implementation
During Project implementation, WSCs will be trained in community consultation techniques, analysis of customer feedback, and other areas to improve participation. The public health awareness programs, the community environmental sanitation improvement programs, and the sanitation credit schemes will all use participatory approaches.


The Project aims to improve water supply and environmental sanitation conditions in the Project towns through integrating critically-needed infrastructure developments with community awareness and participation, improved financial management and cost recovery by WSCs, and local regulations on sanitation, wastewater management, and water source protection. The scope of the Project includes the design, development and delivery of (i) community environmental sanitation improvement program in each Project town; (ii) water supply systems to provide better quality water and greater coverage in the towns and adjoining districts, (iii) drainage and sanitation improvements; and (iv) project implementation assistance and capacity building.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The water supply and sanitation systems in the project towns have been deteriorating because of lack of maintenance and investment. The inadequate water supply and sanitation systems in these towns have adversely affected the quality of life and health conditions of the people living in them. The five provincial towns are selected from among seven remaining provincial towns that have not received any external assistance in water supply and sanitation. Two district towns from two relatively poor provinces are included to balance the support to economic growth and the need o reach the poor. Access to safe water supply among these towns ranges from 18-55 percent among the provincial towns, and from 4-9 percent among the district towns. Similarly, septic tank coverage among the provincial towns ranges from 44-86 percent, and that among the district towns from 6-20 percent. Lack of access to safe water supply and sanitation facilities, combined with poor drainage systems, caused great health risks to the residents, especially the poor, who often live in flood-prone areas. The Government's development framework and priorities are reflected in a series of development plans, policy statements, and ministerial decisions. The development targets and policies for urban water supply and sanitation are reflected in he Government's Orientation Plan for Development of Urban Water Supply to 2000, and the Draft Orientation Plan for Urban Drainage Development to 2020. For water supply, the targets by 2010 are (i) 100% coverage and 180 lpcd in Class 1 cities; (ii) 95% coverage and 150 lpcd in Class 2 cities; (iii) 90% coverage and 120 lpcd in Class 3, 4, and 5 towns; and (iv) 80% coverage and 80-100 lpcd in district towns and clusters. The targets for drainage, sewerage, and urban environmental sanitation are (i) improve and complete urban drainage and sewerage systems to ensure a minimum of 80-90 % coverage by 2020; (ii) require enterprises to have on-site treatment for toxic liquid waste; (iii) eliminate pit latrines in urban areas by 2005; (iv) provide waste collection systems that treat solid and liquid wastes; and (v) gradually rehabilitate and clean the canal systems. Complementing its water sector policies, the Government issued a strategy for the development of urban drainage in November 1998, which aims at reducing subsidies to the sector in the short term, and establishing financial mechanisms to ensure sustainability of urban drainage enterprises in the long term.

Development Impact

The projected impact of the Third Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project was to enhance human development and reduce poverty. This was to be achieved through sustainable improvement of the water supply and sanitation conditions in the project towns, which would lead to (i) improved health conditions, (ii) higher rate of school attendance, and (iii) increased time for productivity, particularly for women, who are normally responsible for the provision of water for the family

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
The project s expected outcomes were as follows: (i) improved water supply and sanitation in the project towns (ii) participation of local communities in local sanitation improvement (iii) improved financial sustainability of the WSCs, and (iv) introduction of local regulations on sanitation and environmental improvement.
Progress Towards Outcome
The project is closed. PCR was completed; satisfactory

Outputs and Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
Increased coverage.
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Status of Development Objectives
Status of Operation / Construction
Material Changes

Business Opportunities

Date of First Listing 2006 Nov 28
Consulting Services
About 1,543 person-months of consulting services (215 international and 1,328 domestic) will be required from international consulting firms in association with domestic consultants. There will be two consulting services contracts: project orientation assistance and project implementation assistance. The consultants will comprise experts in the areas of project management, water supply engineering and design, sanitation engineering and design, unaccounted-for-water improvement, construction management, community development, sanitation credit scheme, training and capacity building, and technical support to the Provincial Project Management Units and Project Coordination Unit.
Civil works and supply contracts valued above $1.0 million and $0.5 million respectively will be procured under international competitive bidding procedures. This will include civil works contracts for the water supply component and a supply contract for UFW equipment. Minor civil works and supply contracts value at or below the above thresholds will be procured following local competitive bidding procedures in accordance with Government's regulations acceptable to ADB.
Procurement and Consulting Notices


Concept Clearance
Fact-finding 09 Mar 1999 to 22 Mar 1999
Management Review Meeting 04 May 2001
Approval 13 Dec 2001


Approval No. Approval Signing Effectivity Closing
Original Revised Actual
Loan 1880 13 Dec 2001 02 Apr 2002 17 Sep 2002 30 Jun 2008 30 Jun 2010 20 Jul 2011


Date Approval Number ADB (US$ thousand) Others (US$ thousand) Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards
30 Sep 2016 Loan 1880 64,966 0 98.00%
Cumulative Disbursements
30 Sep 2016 Loan 1880 66,234 0 100.00%

Status of Covenants

Covenants are categorized under the following categories—audited accounts, safeguards, social, sector, financial, economic, and others. Covenant compliance is rated by category by applying the following criteria: (i) Satisfactory—all covenants in the category are being complied with, with a maximum of one exception allowed, (ii) Partly Satisfactory—a maximum of two covenants in the category are not being complied with, (iii) Unsatisfactory—three or more covenants in the category are not being complied with. As per the 2011 Public Communications Policy, covenant compliance ratings for Project Financial Statements apply only to projects whose invitation for negotiation falls after 2 April 2012.

Approval No. Category
Sector Social Financial Economic Others Safeguards Project Financial Statements
Loan 1880 Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory

Contacts and Update Details

Responsible ADB Officer Paulus B. van Klaveren (
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Divisions Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies Tay Ninh Provincial People's Committee
Trinh Thanh Nghiem

Kien Giang Provincial People's Committee
Nguyen Duc Hien

Phu Yen Provincial People's Committee
Nguyen Phu

Ninh Thuan Provincial People's Committee
Nguyen The Duong

Binh Duong Provincial People's Committee
Nguyen Van Chien


Project Website
List of Project Documents