Project Data Sheet

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

PDS Creation Date 03 Jul 2010
PDS Updated as of 12 Feb 2015

Project Name Greater Mekong Subregion: Rehabilitation of the Railway in Cambodia Project
Country Cambodia
Project/Program Number 37269-023
Status Approved
Geographical Location
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Sector Transport
Subsector Rail transport (non-urban)
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth (IEG)
Regional integration (RCI)
Drivers of Change Gender equity and mainstreaming (GEM)
Partnerships (PAR)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Categories Category 3: Some gender elements (SGE)


Type/Modality of Assistance Approval Number Source of Funding Approved Amount (thousand)
Loan2602Asian Development Fund42,000
Grant0187Australian Grant960
Grant0187Australian Grant21,500
Counterpart 5,100
TOTAL US$ 69,560

Safeguard Categories

For more information about the safeguard categories, please see

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Issues

Environmental Aspects
The railway alignment is outside environmentally sensitive areas such as national parks and other protected areas and their buffer zones and the proposed Project falls into environmental category B. The additional works to be implemented under the modified project do not introduce new or significantly different environmental impacts, since they are largely contained within or close to the areas already assessed under the original project s IEE. The implementation of the Project is not expected to cause significant environmental impacts. Other components will consist of rehabilitation of existing siding and construction of relatively short spans of siding/spur lines from the existing main line. Appropriate mitigation measures during pre-construction, construction, and operation phases have been identified, implementation of which will minimize the negative impacts of the Project to acceptable levels.
Involuntary Resettlement
The original project was formulated to minimize potential risks related to involuntary resettlement. The scope of the modified project, which included the construction of a new freight facility at Samrong, has been amended to remove the Samrong freight facilities, and instead include priority works for the Southern Line to improve operating speed and safety. These works are not expected to have resettlement impacts. The draft resettlement plan is updated, agreed, and implemented prior to civil works. An expanded income restoration program is being implemented which provides credit for business expansion through a community development fund and gives grants for emergencies through a social safety nets fund. The funds are provided to self-help groups in relocation sites. The resettlement implementation has been subject to the two accountability mechanism processes. The Office of the Special Project Facilitator has addressed the issues of complainants and the case was close in 2014. As a result of the findings of the Compliance Review Panel, the Board made recommendations in January 2014. On the basis of these recommendations, remedial actions have been agreed by Government and are currently being implemented.
Indigenous Peoples
The socioeconomic survey indicated that the original project is not expected to affect ethnic minority groups any differently than the majority Khmers. ADB s Policy on Indigenous Peoples (1998) is not triggered.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
With respect to involuntary resettlement, the government has held public consultation meetings; distributed public information booklets in the Khmer language to all affected households; and placed copies of the resettlement plan, translated into Khmer language, in the affected commune offices.
During Project Implementation
During the updating and implementation of the resettlement plan, consultations and information dissemination continued with affected persons consistent with the projects participatory approach. The affected households were made fully aware of their rights through verbal and written means during resettlement planning, updating, and implementation. In addition, the HIV/AIDS prevention program includes community participation during design and implementation. Consultations are also being undertaken by the Government since 2014 as part of remedial actions from Board Recommendations based on the findings of the Compliance Review Panel.


The original project is rehabilitating and restructuring the railway in Cambodia. In addition to this, the supplementary financing will be used to (i) establish a new freight and rolling stock maintenance facility at Samrong, 10 kilometers west of Phnom Penh, with sufficient space to meet future multimodal transport requirements; (ii) upgrade or strengthen parts of the main line to enable early initiation of integrated multimodal services; and (iii) establish additional sidings to terminals to facilitate multimodal connectivity. The combination of the original project and the supplementary financing will be referred to as the modified project. The key activities for implementing the new facility at Samrong include design of the facility; procurement of contracts; preparation, approval, and implementation of the resettlement plan for the area; and implementation of works. Strengthening and upgrading of track does not require additional design or resettlement, activities consist primarily of the installation of heavier rails and new sleepers. Installation of additional sidings to terminals requires additional design and minor resettlement. The outcome would be a selectively upgraded railway in Cambodia exceeding the rehabilitation envisaged in the original project, enabling early takeoff of an integrated, railway-based, multimodal transport system.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The private sector concessionaire selected for the railway in Cambodia is a large international logistics firm that operates worldwide. The concessionaire has proposed a business plan that would not only develop railway traffic, but also integrate the railway into a seamless regional multimodal transport system with the railway providing the medium- and long-distance backbone for links between dedicated terminals in Cambodia and Thailand, and to destinations in southern Viet Nam. This plan would elevate Cambodia from a subregionally connected local transport market into a subregional hub in the southern Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). Achieving hub status could create significant additional long-term development opportunities in Cambodia in areas such as logistic services (warehousing, packaging, and forwarding) and manufacturing (assembly and production of components). It would also generate substantial subregional benefits by enabling the streamlining and rationalization of supply lines, which are essential to achieving and maintaining international competitiveness. Establishing integrated logistics services based on the railway would be an early realization of the commitment that GMS leaders made at the 2008 summit in Vientiane to expand the GMS economic corridor network through multimodal links. It would also enhance the original objectives of the rehabilitation project by upgrading railway transport from a supplier of transport services to a supplier of complete logistics solutions. This would improve transport efficiency and the integration of Cambodia into the southern GMS. In the medium term, this transformation would strengthen trade and integration, and enhance the GMS countries' collective competitiveness and economic development potential.

Development Impact

Increase in domestic and regional trade movement on the railway

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
The railway is sustainable and efficiently operated.
Progress Towards Outcome
The Southern line from Phnom Penh to Sihanoukville is completed. The section between Phnom Penh and Touk Meas was re-opened in October 2010, and the section between Touk Meas and Sihanoukville was re-opened in December 2012. About 30 trains circulate each week on the line, carrying fuel, cement and bagged rice in containers. All these will increase as the rail business is expanding. In the first full year of operation in 2013, the railway carried 393,000 tons of freight on the Southern Line, three times higher than the average level before the project. The Port Authority of Sihanoukville recorded an 85% increase in rice exports in 2013, much of it traveling to the port via the newly revived Southern Line. In addition, sending goods by rail has removed almost 700 trucks journeys round trip every week from the National Highways. In the Northern line, out of the 48 km of missing link between Sisophon to Poipet (Thai border), about 42 km is completed; and 23 km from Phnom Penh bifurcation to Bat Deong is completed. The contractor stopped the work in June 2012 and negotiations to resume the works failed. The Government has prepared Plan B to complete priority works with the available funds. Some of the priority works under Plan B is ongoing. At the request of the Government, ADB Board approved a major change in scope on 3 October 2014. Which became effective on 5 January 2015, with the signing of the amended loan agreement by the Government. The major changes are (i) reduction in track rehabilitation of the northern line by 318 kilometers (km) against the original plan, (ii) cancellation of new freight and rolling stock maintenance facility at Samrong, (iii) exclusion of passing loops and a station in Poipet with facilities for border crossing, and (iv) exclusion of a rail link to a second dry port in Phnom Penh. ADB has approved extension of loan closing date until 30 June 2015 based on the Government s request.

Outputs and Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
Railway link to Thailand reconstructed Rail links to Sihanoukville port and the port in Phnom Penh rehabilitated and extended Freight facilities in Samrong and Phnom Penh constructed Railway department staffed and operational Affected households living within the railway ROW and stations satisfactorily compensated and assisted
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Works within the Sihanoukville Port is ongoing. The construction of an intermodal terminal in Samrong has been cancelled and as a short-term alternative, the Concessionaire has constructed a hard stand facility at the CWT Dry Port in Phnom Penh, which is now being used for loading and unloading of train cargo. Railway Department's capacity building programs to be able to manage concession is completed. Compensation of affected households is ongoing under the expanded income restoration program.
Status of Development Objectives
Status of Operation / Construction
Material Changes

Business Opportunities

Date of First Listing 2009 Sep 18
Consulting Services
The consultants are selected by the Government in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consulting Services, using the quality and cost based selection procedure.
The works are procured under the international competitive bidding procedures of ADB's Guidelines on Procurement.
Procurement and Consulting Notices


Concept Clearance 13 May 2009
Fact-finding 29 Jul 2009 to 07 Aug 2009
Management Review Meeting 10 Sep 2009
Approval 15 Dec 2009


Approval No. Approval Signing Effectivity Closing
Original Revised Actual
Loan 2602 15 Dec 2009 02 Mar 2010 21 Apr 2010 30 Sep 2013 30 Jun 2015


Date Approval Number ADB (US$ thousand) Others (US$ thousand) Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards
05 Mar 2015 Loan 2602 23,496 0 61.00%
Cumulative Disbursements
05 Mar 2015 Loan 2602 20,258 0 52.00%

Status of Covenants

Covenants are categorized under the following categories—audited accounts, safeguards, social, sector, financial, economic, and others. Covenant compliance is rated by category by applying the following criteria: (i) Satisfactory—all covenants in the category are being complied with, with a maximum of one exception allowed, (ii) Partly Satisfactory—a maximum of two covenants in the category are not being complied with, (iii) Unsatisfactory—three or more covenants in the category are not being complied with. As per the 2011 Public Communications Policy, covenant compliance ratings for Project Financial Statements apply only to projects whose invitation for negotiation falls after 2 April 2012.

Approval No. Category
Sector Social Financial Economic Others Safeguards Project Financial Statements
Loan 2602 Satisfactory Satisfactory Partly Satisfactory Satisfactory Partly Satisfactory
Grant 0187 Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Partly Satisfactory

Contacts and Update Details

Responsible ADB Officer Munawar Alam (
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Divisions Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies Ministry of Public Works and Transport


Project Website
List of Project Documents