Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
|PDS Creation Date||20 Jun 2008|
|PDS Updated as of||10 Nov 2014|
|Project Name||Enhancing Education Quality Project|
|In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.|
Education sector development
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth (IEG)
|Drivers of Change||Gender equity and mainstreaming (GEM)
Governance and capacity development (GCD)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Categories||Category 2: Effective gender mainstreaming (EGM)|
|Type/Modality of Assistance||Approval Number||Source of Funding||Approved Amount (thousand)|
|Grant||0090||Asian Development Fund||27,100|
For more information about the safeguard categories, please see http://www.adb.org/site/safeguards/safeguard-categories
|During Project Design
|During Project Implementation
|The Project will help the Government achieve its goal of poverty reduction and economic development by providing support for enhancing the quality of education through institutional capacity development for planning, design, and delivery of education services and by strengthening secondary education.|
|The Government accords high priority to enhancing the quality of education to make the education system more efficient and to improve learning achievements. It also recognizes that investments in secondary education are necessary to meet the growing demand for a well educated and skilled work force.|
|Increased number of school graduates with improved knowledge and skills|
|Description of Outcome
Improved quality and efficiency of secondary education service delivery.
|Progress Towards Outcome
The project is nearing completion with overall weighted progress at 97%. Cumulative contract awards are at $26.8 million or 99% and cumulative disbursements are at $26.9 million or 99% against the total grant funds of $27.1 million. Project achievements are summarized below. Output 1: Education System Management and Development More than 50,000 copies of education law and 12,000 posters printed and distributed. Training provided to all school deputy directors and above. TV spots to promote the law produced. Gender mainstreaming strategic plan (2011-2015) published and disseminated. Teacher education and management framework, including a Teacher Policy developed and adopted on 27 May 2013. NIEs institutional development plan approved, and Research Capacity Development Plan prepared and training workshops conducted. NIEs multimedia resource center established with multimedia equipment for pre- and in-service teacher training. Research reports on impact assessment of scholarship and training under EEQP completed. Research on impact of textbooks distributed to upper secondary schools under EEQP ongoing. Fully integrated educational MIS (EMIS, HRMIS and FMIS). Quality assurance system for TTCs completed and secondary school self-assessment and tools piloted. Staff of Curriculum Development Department have capacity to administer evaluation and tendering of teaching and learning materials, including textbooks. Output 2: Professional Development of Teachers Competency standards for TTC directors approved. Management and leadership training manuals developed and printed. Three hundred and sixty TTC directors and senior staff attended the training. Monitoring and assessment guidelines for teacher performance approved and printed. Approval of the review procedure for teacher training curriculum contents and methodology ongoing. Four PTTC learning centers, including sanitation facilities, and 3 girls dormitories, and 14 female sanitation facilities have been built. Science equipment is equipped in 6 RTTCs. Twenty TTC computer labs are installed with Thin Client computer technology Four hundred (400) students (of which 60% are females) from remote and disadvantaged areas received scholarships for teacher training program at RTTCs, and 100 students (of which 60% are females) for teacher training program at NIE. ICT teacher trainer manual approved and printed. Package of instructional materials for ToT developed for basic English, use of multimedia and ICT. Training of 60 core trainers completed. More than 4,600 under qualified lower secondary teachers (of which 35% are females) participated in training programs at RTTCs and around 3,750 upper secondary teachers (of which 33% are females) participated in basic English training program (3,000 teachers) and in ICT course (750 teachers). Video/DVD/audio materials and manuals produced to support science experiments at NIE, and Multimedia standards package installed in 24 TTCs. Output 3: Strengthening Secondary Education Secondary education master plan approved and its implementation plan implemented. Eighteen (18) upper secondary resource centres (SRCs) built in addition to the 18 SRCs constructed under ESDP-2. They are equipped with science and computer labs equipment, library books, and furniture for offices. Training on roles and responsibilities of SRS conducted. Four thousand (4,000) students (60% of whom are females) from remote and disadvantaged areas received scholarships to attend and complete upper secondary education. Guidelines and operational manual for scholarship developed and implemented. Tourism and ICT curriculum for grade 11 and 12, and English curriculum for grade 7-9 printed and disseminated to schools. Printed and distributed 1,489,018 copies of student textbooks and 31,658 copies of teacher manuals for grade 10 to 12 printed and distributed in all upper secondary schools. Standards-based assessment and exemplar assessment for upper secondary schools approved. More than 4,000 technical group leaders (of whom 30% are females) trained and all secondary teachers trained in standards-based assessment.
|Description of Project Outputs
OUTPUT 1: Education System Management and Development 1.1 Awareness of Education Law and MoEYS Gender Mainstreaming Policy 1.2 Policy framework for teacher education and teacher management 1.3 Review of the organization and function of MoEYS at central, province, district, and school levels 1.4 Strengthened National Institute of Education 1.5 Information systems strengthened at national, provincial, district, levels and consolidated at central level 1.6 Introduction of monitoring and quality assurance systems in place and functional in schools and TTCs 1.7 Enhanced capacity of the Pedagogic Research Department and the Education Materials Approval Board OUTPUT 2: Teacher Professional Development 2.1 Enhanced management capacity of teacher training institutions 2.2 Upgraded facilities, including ICT at TTCs 2.3 Increased enrolment of females and students from remote and disadvantaged areas in lower secondary and upper secondary teacher training programs 2.4 Improved skills and competencies of teacher trainers in the preservice teacher training program 2.5 Improved teaching skills and competencies of secondary teachers 2.6 Introduce multimedia methods for teacher education OUTPUT 3: Strengthening Secondary Education 3.1 Secondary education development plan 3.2 Strengthened secondary school networks, school management, and school improvement planning 3.3 Increased enrolment in secondary schools of girls and children from remote and disadvantaged areas 3.4 Upgraded secondary school facilities 3.5 Curriculum in priority areas including ICT is developed and in use in secondary school 3.6 Upper secondary schools countrywide have textbooks and teachers guides 3.7 Assessment of student achievement in secondary education is based on curriculum standards
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
This sub-output was completed successfully All senior members of MoEYS and school Principals have full understanding of the Education Law and are able to promote equity and education to commune members and local parents.to encourage school attendance by all children. A Gender plan was distributed and MoEYS management are working diligently to promote females in all activities. The Gender Action Group was able to provide advice and strategies to achieve better equity results in all outputs. The Teacher Policy will have an immediate impact as teacher salaries have been increased, Allowance proposed for remote locations, housing improvements, and in- service teaching will directly improve the quality of teaching throughout Cambodia. Policy now effective and beginning to influence operations. This sub-output was successful. Senior managers have provided options for restructuring to decentralise functions The networking of schools is a first step to develop a localised response to educational needs. This sub-output was successfully achieved and the development plan has been implemented. The NIE research capacity has reached a sustainable level and funding has been allocated to research. Research work needs to be maintained to improve research quality and capacity and lead to publishing relevant topics The quality of teaching has improved significantly following the training in action research, methodology and multimedia (see 2.6 for reference to multimedia outputs). The Multimedia resource Centre was successfully Centre established with a wide range of equipment and is capable of producing high quality multimedia learning material for teacher trainees and teacher outreach programs. 60 multimedia DVDs on teaching science and other subjects have been produced and will be available to schools and teachers from YouTube. The preparation of programs and curriculum provide a solid foundation for pre service and in-service programs for teachers and managers. Pre-service programs have been held with NIE students in the SRcs, material has been prepared for in-service training for teachers and manager. The teacher policy now ensures that inservice training will continue following on from the science training that has been conducted . The MIS aims and objectives formulated successfully. The system developed on existing procedures and reports. The MIS development plan was completed after resolving system needs and supply availability A web based system was chosen as this requires less maintenance and software modifications can be installed centrally. The MIS infrastructure has already had a profound effect on the Ministry and MEF as the need for a full finance system has become apparent. The system reports will be generated accurately and as required. MIS software specifically prepared for Cambodia?s MoEYS needs. The system has been piloted using HRMIS and EMIS Full functionality will occur as soon as the financial system (FMIS) is trialled. A QA system has been installed This output is partly successful at this stage with self assessment systems developed for both TTCs and lower and upper secondary schools. The QA system for TTCs have been trialled, modified and implemented. USS & LSS have not yet applied the system in a practical way at this stage. The DCD capacity training was successfully conducted to meet the Milestone. Training in evaluation of teaching and learning material was successfully conducted to meet the Milestone. Although strategy developed for competitive tendering of textbooks DCD is not yet ready to consider book preparation or tendering at this stage. This sub-output was successfully achieved and met all milestones. 360 Directors and senior staff of teacher training institutions were successfully trained. This sub-output was successfully completed but adjustments had to be made when some facilities to be upgraded were found to be beyond repair and new structures were necessary. Four Resource Centres constructed. Three Girl?s dormitories were constructed and one contract was terminated for poor performance and was retendered. 14 Girls toilets were constructed successfully. 3 PTTC new classrooms constructed and 1 successfully renovated. The library books were difficult to purchase as it took months to prepare booklists as librarians were not able to specify books required in a format satisfactory for tendering and supplies had difficulty with volume. This sub-output was partly successful with a fluctuating enrolment of female students at the NIE but a more optimistic final enrolment closely approaching the 40% target. Percentage of female students in TTCs increased from 40% in 2006 to 50% by 2013. Academic year 2010 -2011, 1,500 teacher trainees enrolled, 726 or 48.40% are female Academic year 2011 -2012, 1,500 teacher trainees enrolled, 779 or 51.93% are female In academic year 2012-2013, 1,350 teacher trainees enrolled in TTCs, 774 or 57.33% are female (7.3% over target) In academic year 2013-2014, 1,000 teacher trainees enrolled in TTCs, 576 or 57.60% are female (7.6% over target) Achieved: 500 students (of which 60% are girls) from remote and disadvantaged areas receive scholarships. RTTC AY 09/10 ? 50 (37 F) AY 10/11 - 100 (77 F) AY 11/12 - 100 (137 F) AY 12/13 - 100 (137 F) AY 13/14 - 50 (48 F) NIE AY 09/10 ? 10 (6 F) AY 10/11 - 20 (12 F) AY 11/12 - 20 (12 F) AY 12/13 - 20 (12 F) AY 13/14 - 30 (18 F) Total AY 09/10 - 120 (37 F) AY 10/11 - 120 (77 F) AY 11/12 - 220 (137 F) AY 12/13 - 220 (137 F) AY 13/14 - 80 (48 F) Total scholarships by 2014 NIE: 100 (60 F) RTTC: 400 (240 F) This sub-output was successfully achieved and the impact study supported the successful outcome. This sub- output was successfully achieved but requires follow up by TGLs to ensure that teachers make regular use of multimedia materials. DVDs, and video clips produced of science experiments need monitoring. A program for continuous production and application of science teaching material is required. This sub-output was successfully achieved. The further implementation of the plan was incorporated into the EEQP Annual plans. This sub-output was successfully achieved and the networks established and authorised. However, the ongoing success of the networks is dependent on strong leadership by the Principal of the SRS. Some local training programs have been conducted within the SRCs for the networks at this stage. 26 upper secondary school networks inaugurated by Ministerial Decree. All upper secondary schools have SIPs but these can degenerate into a routine submission unless resources are available for implementation. Resource school and network-based resource teaching achieved. The training was extended with the training of 609 TGLs trained in instructional leadership. This sub-output was successfully achieved for the 2013/4 academic year. This sub-output was successfully achieved. However, construction completion dates were extended for most sites and required close supervision. One contract was terminated and re tendered. This led to late delivery of furniture and equipment. Laboratory equipment delivered to SRCs. However, teaching staff had difficulty using the equipment. This sub-output was successfully achieved. Tourism and ICT programs trialled in 2013. This sub-output was successfully achieved. A textbook controversy was caused by the report that EEQP textbooks were being sold in the market place. An investigation showed that although text book delivery needed management review there was little evidence of EEQP textbooks being sold. This sub-output was successfully achieved. The examinations office received extended training and this proved useful. The phased roll out of Standards-based assessment was ceased in 2013 for a curriculum review.
|Status of Development Objectives
|Status of Operation / Construction
|Date of First Listing||2006 Jun 06|
The project will be supported by approximately 553 person-months of consulting services (219 person-months international and 334 person-months national). The selection and engagement of consulting services will be procured in a single package requiring a full technical proposal and using a quality-cost ratio of 80:20 for quality and cost-based selection in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The consulting services are designed to provide technical support to the Project management and implementation, as well as to build longer-term institutional development and capacity for planning, management, delivery of professional development for teachers, and secondary education. The consulting services cover broad areas of expertise that include (i) institutional development, (ii) Management Information System development, (iii) professional development for teachers, (iv) curriculum and materials development (including ICT), (v) examination reform, (vi) facilities and equipment improvement, and (vii) gender and equitable access. ADB has approved advance action for recruitment of consultants. The Executing Agency may start the process of selection of consultants. Advance action does not include signing of the contract with the identified consultant firm.
All ADB-financed goods and services will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. The project director, assisted by the project staff, will be responsible for all procurement. Supply contracts for goods estimated at $100,000 equivalent or more will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding. Supply contracts for goods such as vehicles and computers (except in the case of textbooks and instructional materials) of less than $100,000 but more than $20,000 will follow national competitive bidding procedures. Minor items costing less than $20,000 but more than $5,000 equivalent may be procured by direct purchase with advertising, and items costing less than $5,000 may be procured by direct purchase without advertising. Supply contracts for textbooks and instructional materials may be awarded to Publishing and Distribution House on the basis of direct purchase. Details of procurement packages and technical specifications must be submitted for the Ministry of Economy and Finance and ADB for approval before procurement. Project civil works will consist of construction and/or upgrade of learning facilities, dormitories, and water and sanitation facilities at Teacher Trainig Colleges (TTCs) and secondary schools. The civil works component will be financed by ADB and the government and will be awarded on the basis of national competitive bidding procedure, following Government procedures acceptable to ADB. The project director, assisted by the project staff and technical unit in charge, will also ensure that appropriate maintenance contractual arrangements are signed prior to the commissioning of civil works at the expense of the government in order to ensure that the constructed civil works are well maintained during their economic life. All ADB-financed goods and services will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. The project director, assisted by the project staff, will be responsible for all procurement. Supply contracts for goods estimated at $100,000 equivalent or more will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding. Supply contracts for goods such as vehicles and computers (except in the case of textbooks and instructional materials) of less than $100,000 but more than $20,000 will follow national competitive bidding procedures. Minor items costing less than $20,000 but more than $5,000 equivalent may be procured by direct purchase with advertising, and items costing less than $5,000 may be procured by direct purchase without advertising. Supply contracts for textbooks and instructional materials may be awarded to Publishing and Distribution House on the basis of direct purchase. Details of procurement packages and technical specifications must be submitted for the Ministry of Economy and Finance and ADB for approval before procurement. Project civil works will consist of construction and/or upgrade of learning facilities, dormitories, and water and sanitation facilities at TTCs and secondary schools. The civil works component will be financed by ADB and the government and will be awarded on the basis of national competitive bidding procedure, following Government procedures acceptable to ADB. The project director, assisted by the project staff and technical unit in charge, will also ensure that appropriate maintenance contractual arrangements are signed prior to the commissioning of civil works at the expense of the government in order to ensure that the constructed civil works are well maintained during their economic life.
|Procurement and Consulting Notices
|Concept Clearance||25 Jan 2005|
|Fact-finding||02 Jul 2007 to 13 Jul 2007|
|Management Review Meeting||10 Aug 2007|
|Approval||23 Nov 2007|
|Grant 0090||23 Nov 2007||18 Feb 2008||15 Sep 2008||31 Oct 2014||31 Dec 2014||–|
|Date||Approval Number||ADB (US$ thousand)||Others (US$ thousand)||Net Percentage|
|Cumulative Contract Awards|
|26 Jan 2015||Grant 0090||26,868||0||99.00%|
|26 Jan 2015||Grant 0090||27,100||0||100.00%|
Covenants are categorized under the following categories—audited accounts, safeguards, social, sector, financial, economic, and others. Covenant compliance is rated by category by applying the following criteria: (i) Satisfactory—all covenants in the category are being complied with, with a maximum of one exception allowed, (ii) Partly Satisfactory—a maximum of two covenants in the category are not being complied with, (iii) Unsatisfactory—three or more covenants in the category are not being complied with. As per the 2011 Public Communications Policy, covenant compliance ratings for Project Financial Statements apply only to projects whose invitation for negotiation falls after 2 April 2012.
|Sector||Social||Financial||Economic||Others||Safeguards||Project Financial Statements|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Norman LaRocque (firstname.lastname@example.org)|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Divisions||Human and Social Development Division, SERD|
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
H. E. Koeu Nay Leang
|List of Project Documents||http://www.adb.org/projects/38559-022/documents|